To And From Airport
$7.50 for a ticket taking you from the airport to anywhere in Vancouver. Tickets can be purchased right by the train platform from the ticket machines. Trains run every 5-10 minutes and journey takes around 40 minutes
YVR - Downtown
Around $50 + Tip
Yellow Cabs 604.356.1321
Checker Cabs 604.356.1321
SkyTrain & Bus
There is the Skytrain system that runs through the city however it is most useful for connecting the suburbs to downtown. The bus network is pretty extensive and costs $2.75 a trip - ticket is valid for up to 90min's from purchase so you can hop on a number of buses or Skytrains with the same ticket within that time period). See Map above.
Aqua Bus & False Creek Ferry
There is also an Aqua Bus network that you can catch around False Creek to get from downtown to Granville Island and Olympic Village etc.
Individual fares: Adult fares range from $3.50 to $5.50, depending on the length of journey or purchase a Day Pass for around $25.